Home > General Overview of the Competency Model > Classes of Literacy Activities > Analyze, Plan, Review - Textual Design

Literate people have the ability to create rhetorical plans—to decide what document structure would enable them to achieve a particular rhetorical purpose—or conversely, to consider the structure of an existing document and evaluate how well it organizes and presents its content, and then to devise a plan to improve on the existing structure.

Textual design is the reflective skill critically involved in planning and revision tasks, and it depends on people being able to form metacognitive representations of reading and writing processes. At high levels of skill, readers and writers can accurately discuss how well particular rhetorical structures achieve their purposes and are able to adjust and plan their own writing to increase its rhetorical effectiveness. The range of strategies that support this type of deliberative thinking are outlined in the table of discourse comprehension and planning strategies.

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