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Literacy Skills in Cross-Section

Literacy requires people to use a wide range of skills and to cooordinate them effectively. Overview Table 1 represents the entire range of skills that readers and writers must exercise, often simultaneously or in rapid succession. Each word or phrase is linked to a more complete description of the skills involved. The arrows in this table are intended to indicate some of the main directions of cognitive processing: an interpretive flow from decoding to final social interpretation of the meaning of the decoded text; an expressive flow from engaging a communicative purpose to the process of transcribing the written text; and an interactive switching among tasks under executive control, which may interleave interpretive, deliberative, and expressive processes in pursuit of specific strategies for reading, writing, and thinking.


Literature Note - Best Instructional Practices, Models of Cognition, and Assessment

Overview Table 1. The Range of Literacy Skills


Mode of Cognitive
Representation

Mode of Thought

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Interpretation
Deliberation
Expression
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Social
Situate
Reflect
Engage
Conceptual
Enrich
Rethink
Conceptualize
Discourse
Integrate
Plan/organize
Structure
Verbal
Comprehend
Edit
Phrase
Print
Decode
Monitor/correct
Transcribe

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