Home > General Overview of the Competency Model > Modes of Cognitive Representation > The Conceptual Mode > Conceptual Background Knowledge


Literacy requires that people have the background knowedge about their own reasoning process, enabling them to use metacognitive strategies and to communicate explicitly about the reasoning in a text.

This knowledge can be broken down into the following main categories:
  • General knowledge and vocabulary about reasoning. Including a wide range of abstract language (covering such domains as concepts, categories, inference, justification, and belief).
  • More specific information about logic, argumentation, and the scientific method. Including metalanguage for discussing the validity of arguments, the justification of hypotheses, and the recognition of fallacies and other errors in reasoning.
  • A series of standard procedures for problem-solving. Supporting relatively sophisticated methods for clarifying terms, identifying assumptions, generating hypotheses, reasoning about causality, evaluating evidence and arguments, and performing other prototypical reasoning tasks.



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