Home > General Overview of the Competency Model > Classes of Literacy Activities > Enrich - Focused Interpretation

Literate people have the ability to adapt their reading performance flexibly to achieve goal-specific requirements. To do this, they must selectively evaluate features of a text, such as its credibility or usefulness to achieve specific goals; integrate textual information with prior knowledge; and apply reasoning and inference skills to build a textual representation rich enough for the task at hand. At higher levels of this skill, readers are able to read between the lines in a text or a set of documents, in which they go beyond literal meaning, integrate textual content deeply with prior knowledge, and fully engage the underlying ideas. Part of this skill is the ability to evaluate what kinds of representation to build. Depending on the purpose, the reader may need to skim, scan, or read closely, especially when working across multiple texts or purposes.

In reading theory, this process is sometimes referred to as building a situation model, but depending on the reader's purpose, the situation models that emerge from this skill may be much shallower or much more enriched than canonical text understandings that contain just the information that a writer may reasonably expect any skilled reader to infer. A variety of strategies support this process of conceptual enrichment (see the table of conceptual strategies).

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