Home > Strategies and Skill Development > Discourse Strategy Families > Revision > Literature Note - Revision


Revision, like planning, is a part of the writing process often separated from drafting by expert writers. It reflects a recursive process of rereading, evaluating, and rewriting that operates at deeper than surface levels, concerning itself with the efficacy of rhetorical strategies and not just the cleanness of surface features. Revision may entail major changes to the macrostructure of a document compared to the original draft and will often involve introduction of major new chunks of drafted text and significant recasting of existing segments.

Suggested Reading
Beal, C. R. (1987). Repairing the message: Children's monitoring and revision skills. Child Development, 58, 401-408.

Berninger, V., Whitaker, D., Feng, Y., Swanson, H. L., & Abbott, R. D. (1996). Assessment of planning, translating, and revising in junior high writers. Journal of School Psychology, 34(1), 23-52.

Chanquoy, L. (2009). Revision processes. In R. Beard, D. Myhill, J. Riley, & M. Nystrand (Eds.), SAGE handbook of writing development (pp. 80-97). London, England: SAGE Publications.

Fitzgerald, J. (1987). Research on revision in writing. Review of Educational Research 57(4), 481-506.

Flower, L. (1981). A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition and Communication, 32(4), 365-387.

Flower, L., Hayes, J. R., Carey, L., Schriver, K., & Stratman, J. (1986). Detection, diagnosis, and the strategies of revision. College Composition and Communication 37(1), 16-55.

Graham, S. (1997). Executive control in the revising of students with learning and writing difficulties. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(2), 223-234.

Hayes, J. R., Flower, L., Schriver, K. A., Stratman, J. F., & Carey, L. (1987). Cognitive processes in revision. In S. Rosenberg (Ed.), Advances in applied psycholinguistics (Vol. 2, pp. 176-241). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

McCutchen, D., Francis, M., & Kerr, S. (1997). Revising for meaning: Effects of knowledge and strategy. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(4), 667-676.

McCutchen, D. (1996). A capacity theory of writing: Working memory in composition. Educational Psychology Review, 8(3), 299-325.

Roen, D. H., & Wiley, R. J. (1988). The effects of audience awareness on drafting and revising. Research in the Teaching of English, 22, 75-88.

Sommers, N. (1980). Revision strategies of student writers and experienced adult writers. College Composition and Communication 31(4), 378-388.

Sommers, N. (1982). Revision. Journal of Teaching Writing 1(2), 133-148.

Zimmerman, B. J., & Kitsantas, A. (2002). Acquiring writing revision skill through observation and emulation. Journal of Educational Psychology 94(4), 660-668.





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