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We can usefully distinguish three types of thinking processes for literacy activities: interpretation, deliberation (or reflection), or expression. These activities differ in their goals and in the demands they place upon working memory, executive control, and strategic thinking. Expressive and interpretive processes work best when highly automatized, creating fluent but purposeful activities. Deliberative activities require strategic thinking, high levels of executive control, and the ability to create metacognitive representations and thus provide ways to self-monitor and regulate one's own cognition.

Literature Note - Modes of Thought



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