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Reading Foundational Standard 2 - Phonological Awareness:
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).


Mastery of this standard is foundational for all CBALTM print skill strategies and corresponds primarily to master of sound-out skills and strategies.


Standards Table RF2. Mapping Reading Foundational Standard 2 to the Competency Model

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
  • Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
  • Blend and segment onsets and rhymes of single-syllable spoken words.
  • Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/).
  • Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
1st Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
  • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
  • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
  • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:



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