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Reading Foundational Standard 3 - Phonics and Word Recognition:
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.


Students who meet this standard are those who have learned to make effective use of the following CBALTM strategy types:

Standards Table RF3. Mapping Reading Foundational Standard 3 to the Competency Model

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.
  • Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
  • Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).
  • Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
1st Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (two letters that represent one sound).
  • Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
  • Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
  • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
  • Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
  • Read words with inflectional endings.
  • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
2nd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
  • Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
  • Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.
  • Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.
  • Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.
  • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
3rd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Identify and know the meaning of the most common prefixes and derivational suffixes.
  • Decode words with common Latin suffixes.
  • Decode multisyllable words.
  • Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
4th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:
5th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
These skills correspond to the following aspects of the competency model:




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