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Reading Standard 2 - Main Ideas and Details:
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

Students who meet this standard are probably applying the following strategy type from the competency model:

And hence also the following strategy type:


Reading Standard 2 treats literary and informational text separately.

Literary Text

The approach in Reading Standard 2 to main ideas and details in a literary text focuses on plot, characters, setting, and theme.

These elements are drawn from social aspects of the competency model, in particular, Storytelling, where they define the kinds of reasoning needed to identify the literary concept of theme, in combination with more generic reasoning of text structure (Summarization) also shared with informational text.

Standards Table R2L. Mapping Reading Standard 2 to the Competency Model for Literary Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.
This skill corresponds to the following elements of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote.
1st Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote.
2nd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account.
3rd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account.
4th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Synopsis.
5th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Synopsis.
6th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Reader Response, Synopsis.
7th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Reader Response, Synopsis.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Reader Response, Synopsis.
9th-10th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Interpretive Account, Reader Response, Synopsis.
11th-12th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Description, Anecdote, Narration, Illustrative Account, Interpretive Account, Literary Analysis, Reader Response, Synopsis.

Informational Text


In Reading Standard 2, the approach to informational text focuses on the relationship between main ideas and supporting details.

This approach focuses on discourse aspects of the competency model, in particular, Summarization, building upon the conceptual skill set the competency model labels as Clarification.

Standards Table R2I. Mapping Reading Standard 2 to the Competency Model for Informational Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account.
1st Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account.
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report.
3rd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details, and explain how they support the main idea.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration.
4th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Summary.
5th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Summary.
6th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Summary, Reader Response.
7th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Comparison, Summary, Reader Response.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Comparison, Summary, Reader Response.
9th-10th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Comparison, Summary, Reader Response.
11th-12th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Recount, Account, Report, Illustration, Comparison, Summary, Reader Response.





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