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Reading Standard 4 - Meaning of Words and Phrases:
Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

Students who meet this standard are more applying the following strategy type from the competency model:

Those who show these skills are probably also applying the following strategy type effectively:

They may also be exercising the following social and conceptual skills:

Reading Standard 4 treats literary and informational text separately.

Literary Text


Standards Table R4L. Mapping Reading Standard 4 to the Competency Model for Literary Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
This skill corresponds to the following elements in the competency model:
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.
This skill corresponds to the following element of the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element of the competency model:
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).
This skill corresponds to the following element of the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element of the competency model:
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
This skill corresponds to the following element of the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element of the competency model:
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
This skill corresponds to the following element of the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements of the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.
This skill corresponds to the following element of the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements of the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary.
9th-10th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Commentary, Literary Analysis.
11th-12th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors).
These skills correspond to the following element of the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element of the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary, Literary Analysis.

Informational Text

Standards Table R4I. Mapping Reading Standard 4 to the Competency Model for Informational Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 2 topic or subject area.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 3 topic or subject area.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 4 topic or subject area.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 5 topic or subject area.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
This skill corresponds to the following element in the competency model:
7th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
These skills correspond to the following element in the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element in the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
These skills correspond to the following element in the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element in the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
9th-10th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper).
These skills correspond to the following element in the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element in the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
11th-12th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10).
These skills correspond to the following element in the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element in the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.




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