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Reading Standard 5 - Structure of Texts:
Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

Students who meet this standard are probably effectively applying the following strategy type from the competency model:

Reading Standard 5 treats literary and informational text separately.

Literary Text


Standards Table R5L. Mapping Reading Standard 5 to the Competency Model for Literary Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
3rd Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
4th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skilldepends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Commentary.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison, Commentary.
9th-10th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Commentary, Literary Analysis
11th-12th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Commentary, Literary Analysis.

Informational Text


Standards Table R5I. Mapping Reading Standard 5 to the Competency Model for Informational Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following element from the competency model:
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
8th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
9th-10th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze in detail how an author’s ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.
11th-12th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill depends on the following elements from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Explication.




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