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Reading Standard 9 - Analysis and Comparison:
Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

Students who meet this standard are probably effectively applying the CBALTM strategy type:

Reading Standard 9 treats literary and informational text separately.

Literary Text


Standards Table R9L. Mapping Reading Standard 9 to the Competency Model for Literary Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
8th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast, Literary Analysis.
9th-10th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work (e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast, Literary Analysis.
11th-12th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century foundational works of American literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes or topics.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast, Literary Analysis.

Informational Text


Standards Table R9I. Mapping Reading Standard 9 to the Competency Model for Informational Text

Grade level
Skills
Kindergarten
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
1st Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
2nd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Compare and contrast one author’s presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person).
This skill corresponds to the following element from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
8th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre type: Comparison/Contrast.
9th-10th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washington’s Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms speech, King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”), including how they address related themes and concepts.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Rhetorical Analysis.
11th-12th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Analyze seventeenth-, eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (including The Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address) for their themes, purposes, and rhetorical features.
This skill corresponds to the following elements from the competency model:
This skill also depends on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Rhetorical Analysis.






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