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Revision strategies are strategies that support the process of changing and reworking documents, which may include such techniques as movement and rearrangement within a document, preparation of revision outlines, and creation of notes or annotation, among others. The hypothesized development of these skills is presented in Development Table 29.

Revision strategies and the skills they support underlie the revision and rewriting aspects of Writing Standard 5 from the Common Core State Standards.

Literature Note - Revision

Development Table 29. Hypotheses about Development of Revision Skills

Level
Interpretation
Deliberation
Expression
Preliminary
(oral to sentence)
Can evaluate whether a particular statement is likely to be perceived as inaccurate or needing elaboration, unclear, or irrelevant.
Can apply revision strategies that delete inaccurate information, insert elaborations, or provide clarifications.
Can generate rephrasings or elaborations of a statement to improve accuracy, precision, clarity, and relevance.
Foundational
(sentence to paragraph)
Can reliably evaluate whether a sequence of statements will be perceived as going off on a tangent or jumping to an unexpected focus.
Can apply revision strategies that involve reordering and rearranging blocks of text to maximize coherence.
Can break a sequence of statements up into a sequence of locally coherent blocks.
Basic
(paragraph to text)
Can reliably evaluate whether the relation between adjacent blocks of a text will be clear to readers without modifications.
Can apply revision strategies in which changes are conceptualized as changes to the hierarchical structure of the document to maximize clarity and focus.
Can introduce clarifying language at the joints between blocks in a document that explicitly indicates the outline structure of a text.
Intermediate
(text to context)
Can reliably evaluate whether particular parts of a text will achieve their intended rhetorical effect on the audience.
Can apply revision strategies in which the changes are conceptualized as changes in rhetorical goals and thus may require recasting of entire sections, not just rearrangement of parts.
Can generate alternate ways of phrasing an idea that will have the right slant and tone to achieve a particular rhetorical purpose.
Advanced
(text and context to discourse)
Can reliably evaluate whether the structure and style of a text is appropriate given its genre, audience, and purpose.
Can apply revision strategies in which structure and rhetorical moves are reworked to repurpose a text for a different genre and/or audience.
Can generate alternate ways of phrasing an idea using structural and stylistic features that are characteristic of a selected genre.



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