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Writing Standard 10 - Range and Fluency: [1]
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.**

In terms of the competency model, development in this skill can best be described in terms of the range of genre types typically exercised by writers. In the grade level information following, therefore, we list characteristic genre types as defined in the competency model. This does not account for all aspects of the skill (since general fluency in producing more and more complex texts is the underlying construct), but it will give a reasonable approximation to the level of skill expected.

Standards Table W10. Mapping Writing Standard 10 to the Competency Model

Grade level
Skills
3rd Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Recount, Account, Description, Anecdote, Exemplum, Apology, Reader Response.
4th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Recount, Account, Description, Anecdote, Exemplum, Apology, Reader Response.
5th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Recount, Account, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Description, Anecdote, Illustration, Narration, Exemplum, Apology, Annotation, Reader Response, Synopsis.
6th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Recount, Account, Illustration, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Explication, Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account, Narration, Interpretive Account, Exemplum, Apology, Promotion, Annotation, Reader Response, Synopsis, Summary.
7th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Proposal, Recommendation, Recount, Account, Illustration, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account, Narration, Interpretive Account, Exemplum, Apology, Promotion, Annotation, Commentary, Explication, Reader Response, Synopsis, Summary.
8th Grade
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Proposal, Recommendation, Recount, Account, Illustration, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Survey, Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account, Narration, Interpretive Account, Literary Analysis, Exemplum, Apology, Promotion, Essay, Annotation, Commentary, Explication, Reader Response, Synopsis, Summary, Rhetorical Analysis.
9th-10th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Proposal, Recommendation, Case Study, Manual, Recount, Account, Illustration, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Survey, Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account, Narration, Interpretive Account, Literary Analysis, Exemplum, Apology, Promotion, Essay, Rebuttal, Critique, Annotation, Commentary, Explication, Reader Response, Synopsis, Summary, Rhetorical Analysis.
11th-12th Grades
The following specific grade-level skill is applicable to this standard:
  • Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes
Characteristic genre types: Problem Statement, Procedure, Case Study, Manual, Proposal, Recommendation, Recount, Account, Illustration, Report, Comparison/Contrast, Survey, Description, Anecdote, Illustrative Account, Narration, Interpretive Account, Literary Analysis, Exemplum, Apology, Promotion, Essay, Rebuttal, Critique, Annotation, Commentary, Explication, Reader Response, Synopsis, Summary, Rhetorical Analysis.




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  1. ^ **The Common Core State Standards do not begin applying Writing Standard 10 until 3rd grade.