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Writing Standard 9 - Use of Evidence: [1]
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Students who meet this standard are probably making effective use of the following CBALTM strategy types:

Standards Table W9. Mapping Writing Standard 9 to the Competency Model

Grade level
Skill
4th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grade 4 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions].”).
  • Apply Grade 4 Reading standards to informational texts (e.g., “Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication.
5th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grade 5 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or a drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., how characters interact]”).
  • Apply Grade 5 Reading standards to informational texts (e.g., “Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point[s].”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication.
6th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics.”).
  • Apply Grade 6 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication.
7th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.”).
  • Apply Grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. “Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication, Literary Analysis, Rhetorical Analysis.
8th Grade
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.”).
  • Apply Grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication, Literary Analysis, Rhetorical Analysis.
9th-10th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grades 9–10 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work [e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare].”).
  • Apply Grades 9–10 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication, Literary Analysis, Rhetorical Analysis.
11th-12th Grades
The specific grade-level skills applicable to this standard include the following:
  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • Apply Grades 11–12 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century foundational works of American literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes or topics.”).
  • Apply Grades 11–12 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Delineate and evaluate the reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including the application of constitutional principles and use of legal reasoning [e.g., in U.S. Supreme Court case majority opinions and dissents] and the premises, purposes, and arguments in works of public advocacy [e.g., The Federalist, presidential addresses].”).
These skills correspond to the following element from the competency model:
These skills depend on the following element from the competency model:
Characteristic genre types: Comparison/Contrast, Interpretive Account, Explication, Literary Analysis, Rhetorical Analysis.



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  1. ^ The Common Core State Standards do not begin applying Writing Standard 9 until 4th grade